The Inuvialuit Final Agreement

The Final Agreement of Inuvialuit (IFA) came into force on 25 July 1984 and was the first agreement to bind to the NWT. 3.78 These principles are consistent with the objectives set out in many recent land agreements. They are also consistent with INAC`s own goals of ensuring that Aboriginal people enjoy a quality of life comparable to that of other Canadians and helping Aboriginal people achieve their social and economic aspirations to develop healthy and sustainable communities. In addition, for more than 15 years, the Secretariat of the Department of Finance has recommended that federal organizations develop and implement indicators that would inform Parliament and the public of the results of government spending. 3.4 Modern large-scale agreements contain many provisions and are complex. They generally contain a specific land transfer to the Aboriginal group, as well as a cash tally, while the Aboriginal group waives its claimed rights to other lands and interests outside the residential area. Land agreements can also address how the settlement region should be managed for basic rights, the extent of applicants` control and participation in development, and the roles, responsibilities and obligations of each party. Some of these obligations involve specific and ad hoc activities, while others involve changes in processes such as environmental assessments and the conclusion of federal contracts. 3.82 In 2003, we examined the transfer of federal jurisdiction to the North (2003, Chapter 8 – India and Northern Affairs Canada: Transfer of Federal Responsibility to the North). During this review, we found that in INAC, when fulfilling its obligations under the two comprehensive land use contracts we reviewed (Nunavut and Gwich`in), it focused on abstinence from their commitments, but ignored the spirit and intent of the agreements. 3.3 According to Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC), extensive fomentary claims are based on the claim of Aboriginal rights and land law that have not been contracted or otherwise processed. Land agreements are designed to ensure the safety of all parties and to clarify the land and resource rights of Aboriginal groups in order to facilitate aboriginal economic growth and self-sufficiency.

Extensive agreements recognize the rights of Aboriginal applicants on the basis of traditional land use and occupation (Aboriginal titles and rights). These agreements provide for defined rights, compensation and other benefits in exchange for waiving property-related rights that are claimed for all or part of the land concerned. 3.6 The pursuit of an inuvialuit claim began in 1974. An agreement in principle was signed in 1978 and negotiations between Inuvialuit and the federal government continued until the final agreement of Inuvialuit (the agreement) was signed 23 years ago, in 1984. At the time, it was the first comprehensive land agreement signed north of the 60th parallel, and only the third comprehensive land agreement in Canada.