Zurich is a crossroads for railways, roads and air traffic. Zurich Central Station (Zurich HB) is the largest and busiest railway station in Switzerland and a major railway hub in Europe. Until early 2020, Zurich HB operated about 470,000 passengers and nearly 3,000 trains a day.  Of the 16 stations (and 10 additional stations) located within the city limits of Zurich, there are five other major stations. Three of them are among the 10 most visited stations in Switzerland: Stadelhofen, Oerlikon, Altstetten, Hardbricke and Enge. The rail network is mainly operated by the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB SBB SFF FFS), but Zurich is also served by large EuroCity trains from neighbouring countries and is a destination for both Franco-Swiss high-speed trains (TGV Lyria) as well as German high-speed trains (ICE) and Austrian RailJet. The University of Zurich was founded in 1833, although its beginnings date back to 1525, when the Swiss reformer Ulrich Zwingli founded a theology university. Today, the University of Zurich, with its 24,000 students and 1,900 diplomas, is the largest in Switzerland and offers the widest range of courses and courses in all Swiss universities. Zurich is the host city of the Street Parade which takes place every year in August (see above).
In German, the name Zurich is pronounced in Swiss standard German. In Zurich German, the local dialect of Swiss German, the name is pronounced without the final consonant, like Zuri, although the adjective remains Zurich (in). The city is called in French Zurich [cyik], in Italian Zurigo [dzu`o] and in turit in novel by R-geroman [tu`rit] (listening). The city`s “green lungs” include the vast forest areas of Adlisberg, Zurichberg, Koferberg, Hunggerberg and Uetliberg. Important parks are also located along the shores of the lake (Zurichhorn and Enge), while smaller parks line the city. Larger adjacent agricultural areas are located near Affoltern and Seebach. Of the total area of the municipality of Zurich (1996, without sea), there are 45.4% residential, industrial and commercial spaces, 15.5% transport infrastructure, 26.5% forest, 11%: agriculture and 1.2% water.