International conventions on social security or social security, as so-called coordination instruments, allow for a harmonised application of the national laws of countries that are contracting parties to the social security agreement, which: 3 An agreement can contain only one of these rules, not both. Thus, in the agreements, employment coverage is allocated either on the basis of a delegated activity or on the basis of place of residence. Although totalization agreements vary according to the partner country`s social security system, Table A-1 summarizes some common coverage situations for U.S. workers posted abroad to work. As a general rule, a worker is covered by the social security system of the country in which he works. However, totalization agreements indicate exceptions for certain categories of U.S. workers. Since totalization agreements are inherently reciprocal, these waivers apply equally to foreign workers in the United States. A non-resident non-resident beneficiary who has been absent from the United States for six months or more consecutively must also have been in the United States for a period of five years during which he maintained his relationship with the worker. For example, a non-resident alien who is entitled to a spousal allowance and has been absent from the United States for six consecutive months may be a citizen of a country that pays unlimited benefits to U.S.
citizens outside that country`s borders. However, the spouse must also have been married to the worker for 5 years while residing in the United States to receive benefits abroad.9 After the United States. The Act (42 U.S.C No. 402 (t) (11)) (E)) may contain provisions to remove payment restrictions for all residents of countries with which the United States has an agreement, including third country nationals and non-resident non-residents.10 The most notable exception to the territorial rule is characterized as a seconded worker. That`s the rule. Under this rule, a worker whose employer requires his temporary relocation from one country to another to work for the same company continues to pay social security contributions and retains insurance coverage exclusively in the country from which he has moved.1 According to almost all totalization agreements, the duration of such a transfer cannot be expected at the time of the transfer. to exceed 5 years. This rule ensures that workers who work only temporarily in the other country continue to work in their home country, which remains the country of their greatest economic link.2 On the other hand, workers who change countries permanently are insured under the country of destination regime. By mutual agreement, the two countries can agree to extend the five-year period for temporary missions abroad on a case-by-case basis, but extensions beyond two more years are rare.